2nd year – 3rd alternative ZUT - Poland

"Advanced Ship and Offshore Structures"

West Pomeranian University of Technology



AL. Piastów 41

71-065 Szczecin, POLAND


Tel : + 48-91-449 47 71 Fax : + 48-91-449 47 37


Prof. Maciej Taczala, Prof. Zbigniew Sekulski


The 60 credits at ZUT are composed of:

30 ECTS lectures during the 3rd semester

30 ECTS Master Thesis and internship during the 4th semester

è Lectures (30 credits):

  Compulsory Lectures (24 Credits) Credits
M2-ZUT-1 Design of ship and offshore structures (ZS) ; 30/30 6
M2- ZUT -2 Mechanics of ship and offshore structures (MT) ; 30/30 6
M2- ZUT -3 Production technology of ship and offshore structures (TG) ; 30/30 6
M2- ZUT -4 Marine power engineering (WZ);  15/15 3
M2- ZUT -5 Cost-benefit analysis and optimisation of business projects in marine industry (ZS) ; 15/15 3
  Electives Lectures (6 credits)  
M2-ZUT-e1 Equipment of ship and offshore structures (AB) 15/15 3
M2-ZUT-e2 Nonlinear finite element analysis (MT) 15/15 3
M2-ZUT-e3 Offshore mariculture installations (JS+AT) 15/15 3
M2-ZUT-e4 Maritime transport (LFD) 15/15 3

è Master Thesis and Internships (30 credits):

The Master Thesis can be undertaken at ZUT or in other labs and companies in Poland or abroad.





Full description of lectures


Title: DESIGN OF SHIP AND OFFSHORE STRUCTURES                          6 credits


Prof :  Z Sekulski                         Teaching Period: Sept-Jan

Link : 

Course contents


Design loads, short- and long-term prediction. Hull structure design system: design flow, general arrangement, basic design of hull structures, optimization technique in basic design process, structural drawings, approval drawings, detail drawings, production data, standardization.

Design of stiffeners, girders, pillars, plates, design of stiffened panel, optimization of grillage structure, structural methods for mitigation of vibrations.

Structural regions: shell structure, bulkheads, swash bulkheads, corrugated bulkheads, deck structure, double hull structure, ship hatch corners, fore construction, engine room construction, stern construction and stern frame, superstructures.

Design of specific types of ships: bulk-carriers, general cargo, containerships, oil tankers, chemical and gas tankers, passenger ships, high speed craft. Hull structure arrangement, hold arrangement, wing tanks of tankers, bulkhead arrangement.

Oil platforms: fixed platforms, compliant towers, semi-submersible platforms, jack-up platforms, drilling ships, floating production systems, tension-leg platforms, spar platforms, normally unmanned installations, and conductor support systems. Elements of the oil/gas production process: wellheads, production manifold systems, production separators, glycol process to dry gas, gas compressors, water injection pumps, oil/gas export metering and main oil line pumps. Emergency support vessels.

Application of composites in marine structures.

Project: Structural design of a midship block section (typically one hold) for selected type of ship or design of structural block of offshore installation according to corresponding classification rules

Learning outcomes of the course

On successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

(1) perform structural design of various types of marine structures,

(2) apply knowledge to various types of marine structures,

(3) select relevant structural materials as well as structural components application to marine structures.

Prerequisites :

Ship Structure (as ULG-M1), CAD – Modeling and Drawings, Material Science, Mechanics, Strength of Materials.




Ref : EMSHIP+_M2-ZUT-2

Prof :  M Taczala                                        Teaching Period: Sep- Jan

Link : 

Course contents:

Strength ship and offshore structures (ZUT): Analysis of overall strength: stresses due to bending, shear and torsion of ship hulls using theory of thin-walled beams.

Wave loads acting on offshore structures. Analysis of structural strength and buckling of pipelines, risers, drillstrings. Stability of plates and stiffened plates, modes of failure. Mechanics of composites.


Fatigue of ship structural details (ZUT): main factors contributing to fatigue, Long-term distribution of loads and stresses, Spectral fatigue analysis, Simplified fatigue analysis, Fatigue capacity of welded structures based on S-N curves and fracture mechanics. Design S-N curves.


Application of FEM in analysis of ship and offshore structures: element types, meshing, boundary conditions, guidelines for modelling ship and offshore structures, rule requirements. Submodelling. Stress concentrations and fatigue analysis. Structural modelling of offshore installations: jacket structures, FPSO’s, TLP, spar and semi-submersibles. Overall and local buckling of tubular members. Ultimate strength of cylindrical shells.

Vibrations of Ships and Offshore Structures: Vibrations of beams and plates, influence of rotary inertia and shear forces. FE formulation of vibration problem – mass and damping matrices. Methods of solution of eigenproblems and forced vibrations. Time discretization, explicit and implicit method. Ship hull and local vibrations. Vibrations in offshore installations, analysis of offshore structure subjects to earthquakes loading. Vibration of pipelines, risers, drillstrings.

Reliability analysis (ZUT): types of distributions of random variables, structural reliability, reliability-based design procedures, uncertainties, methods for reliability analysis.

Learning outcomes of the course

On successful completion of this lecture, students should be able to:

(1) perform numerical analysis of strength of ships and offshore structures,

(2) apply knowledge to various types of ships and offshore structures,

(3) explain the reason of strength deficiencies,

(4) apply appropriate measures to eliminate strength deficiencies.

Prerequisites :

Mathematics, Mechanics, Strength of Materials.


                                                                                                                             6 credits

Ref :  EMSHIP+_M2-ZUT-3         

Prof.:  T Graczyk                                 Teaching Period: Sept-Jan

Link : 

Course contents


Introductory information on ship productions technology: types of shipyards, pre-treatment, prefabrication and production methods. Outline of the welding metal alloys applied in offshore and large-scale structures.

Manufacturability of welds, manufacturability of large-scale and offshore structures. Welding-induced stresses and deformations, their impact on production, operation and safety of ships and offshore structures.

Storage of materials, methods, equipment, transportation. Pre-treatment workshop and processing centre. Cutting and bending metal sheets and profiles, equipment and technological operations. Prefabrication processes. Fabrication of flat and curved sections, spatial sections and blocks.

Suitable instrumentation, mechanization, automation, robotics, trends. Processes of hull fitting. Transport in shipyard . Launching ships.

Technology of building specific ship types (bulk-carriers, containerships, chemical tankers, ro-ro, ropax, ships supporting offshore industry, etc.).

Technology of production and repair of composites and all-steel sandwich panels in marine structures.

Technology of building offshore steel and concrete structures (rigs, caissons, pontoons, wind mill towers) and pipe systems on sea bed.

Underwater technology supporting offshore structures – fabrication and application of manned and unmanned vehicles.


(1) Technology instructions of welding in ship and offshore structure fabrication. Conventional welding in shipbuilding technology: Gas Metal Arc, Gas Tungsten Arc, Manual Metal Arc, Submerged Arc Welding. Defining and measuring some forms of welding distortions. The quality controlof welded joints.

(2) AVEVA system in shipbuilding – exercises in Hull Detailed Design module.

Learning outcomes of the course

On successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

(1) prepare of technological procedures for ship and offshore structure production,

(2) construct the technological process for ship and offshore structure production,

(3) apply the knowledge to the different kind of ships and offshore structures,

(4) explain what is the best production process for selected ship and offshore structures.

Prerequisites :

Ship theory, ship structures, ship design, basic ship production


Title: MARINE POWER ENGINEERING                                            3 credits

Ref:   EMSHIP+_M2-ZUT-4

  1. :  W. Zenczak                               Teaching Period: Sep-Jan

Link : 

Course contents


Classification of energy sources (fossil and nuclear fuels, renewable energy sources, word reserves). Ecological aspects of energy use.

Energy conservation, conversion and efficiency (First and Second Law of Thermodynamics).

General description of marine power plants.

Diesel engines (mode of operation; fundamentals of thermodynamics).

Machinery service systems and equipment (starting air system; fuel oils, lubricating oils and their treatment; cooling systems, heat transfer and heat exchangers).

Ship service systems and equipment (boilers and thermodynamic principles; fresh water generators; devices for bilge water treatment; refrigeration, air conditioning and ventilation; fire protection).

Emissions and abatement technology.

Devices for use of renewable and unconventional energy sources on ships (wind, solar, biomass, fuel cells).

Devices for use of ocean energy (tidal, streams, wave, thermal, wind).


Preliminary design of selected ship machinery service system.

On successful completion of this lecture, students should be able to:

  • knowtypes of marine power plants, auxiliary machinery, how different energy sources can use
  • apply knowledge to various solution of marine power systems ,
  • explain the advantages and disadvantages of various solutions,
  • apply appropriate types of equipment in design.

Prerequisites :

Basic mechanics, physics


Title: COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF BUSINESS PROJECTS IN MARINE INDUSTRY                                                                                           Credits : 3

Ref :     EMSHIP+_M2-ZUT-5           

Prof : Z. Sekulski                                    Teaching Period: Sept-Ja

Link :

Course contents


Introduction. Economic profitability: introduction, Payback Period analysis, time value of money, discount rate, Net Present Value, Internal Rate of Return, a profitability example. Financial feasibility: introduction, feasibility calculation, feasibility example. Final comment.


Cost benefit analysis of the sample business project in maritime industry according the following steps – a short summary:

STEP 1 – Define the problem/opportunity; Describe the background:

(1.1) problem or opportunity statement, (1.2) objective/objectives, (1.3) the voice of the stakeholder (customer) and decision criteria, (1.4) background, (1.5) quick review.

STEP 2 – Define scope; Formulate facts and assumptions:

(2.1) scope, (2.2) formulate facts and assumptions, (2.3) quick review.

STEP 3 – Define alternatives:

(3.1) introduction, (3.2) define the status quo, (3.3) the status quo as a baseline, (3.4) documenting the status quo, (3.5) define alternatives / courses of action (COA), (3.6) describe second and third order effects (cause and effect), (3.7) quick review.

STEP 4 – Develop cost estimates for each alternative:

(4.1) cost concepts, (4.2) other types of costs, (4.3) the cost analysis / estimating process, (4.4) cost analysis process, (4.5) cost estimating strategy, (4.6) trade offs, (4.7) organizing cost data for display, (4.8) inflation and its impact on costing, (4.9) quick review.

STEP 5 – Identify quantifiable and non-quantifiable benefits:

(5.1) benefits analysis overview, (5.1.1) quantifiable benefits, (5.1.2) non-quantifiable benefits, (5.2) identify, estimate, and evaluate benefits, (5.2.1) identifying benefits, (5.2.2) benefit categories, (5.2.3) estimating quantifiable benefits, (5.2.4) evaluating non-quantifiable benefits, (5.2.5) quantifying benefits, (5.3) quick review.

STEP 6 – Define alternative selection criteria:

(6.1) introduction, (6.2) alternative selection criteria, (6.3) how to develop selection criteria, (6.4) quick review.

STEP 7 – Compare alternatives:

(7.1) introduction, (7.2) compare costs and benefits, (7.3) risk assessment, (7.4) risk mitigation, (7.5) decision support tools/methods, (7.5.1) the decision matrix, (7.5.2) other quantitative tools /methods, (7.6) perform sensitivity analysis, (7.7) billpayers, (7.8) quick review.

STEP 8 – Report results and recommendations:

(8.1) documenting the CBA, (8.2) supplementary content, (8.3) briefing the results of the CBA, (8.4) quick review.

Learning outcomes of the course

Upon successful completion of this course, the students should be able to: (1) describe the purpose and objective of cost-benefit analysis and optimization; (2) determine when a cost-benefit analysis and optimization may be performed in a meaningful way; (3) present findings and recommendations related to cost-benefit analysis and optimization of industrial projects; (4) explain and utilize the concepts of cost, present value and discount cost-benefit analysis and optimization industrial projects; (5) identify the elements that may compromise the validity of the cost-benefit analysis and optimization such as limitations in modeling assumptions, limitations in data, and political concerns; (6) effectively use cost-benefit analysis and optimization for practical problems; (7) discuss the strengths and weaknesses of a specific cost-benefit analysis; (8) effectively communicate the results of the cost-benefit analysis and optimization to the relevant parties.

Prerequisites :

Fundamentals of economics


Title: EQUIPMENT OF SHIP AND OFFSHORE STRUCTURES                 3 credits

Ref :  EMSHIP+_M2-ZUT-e1         

Prof :  Dr. A Banaszek                               Teaching Period: Sep-Jan

Link : 

Course contents:


Basic information, types of equipment mounted on board of ships and offshore platforms, basic procedures number and size of deck equipment mounted on ships, basic information about types of cargoes, pulley block systems, ropes, deck cranes, deck gantries, deck mooring and anchor winches, lashing system of containers, hatch covers, hydraulics and pneumatics on ships, cargo systems on tankers, horizontal loading systems, special equipment, rescue boats and rescue special systems, extinguishing and fire system on product and chemical tankers and offshore platforms, water injection systems mounted on offshore platforms, drilling systems, bow thruster systems, offshore platforms  lowering/hoisting mechanisms, drilling stabilization system.

Problems with environment in case of offshore platform exploitations, International rules and regulations.

Learning outcomes of the course

On successful completion of this lecture, students should be able to:

(1) know types of equipment mounted on board of ships and offshore platforms,

(2) apply knowledge to various types of ships,

(3) explain the advantages and disadvantages of various solutions,

(4) apply appropriate types of equipment in design.

Prerequisites :

Ship Design, Mechanics, Strength of Materials.


Title: NONLINEAR FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS             3 credits

Ref :  EMSHIP+_M2-ZUT-e2         

Prof :  M Taczala                               Teaching Period: Sep-Jan

Link : 

Course contents:

Introduction to tensor calculus. Continuum mechanics: deformation and motion, strain measures, stress measures, conservation equations. Formulations for large displacement analysis: Total Lagrangian Formulation, Updated Lagrangian Formulation. Constitutive equations, nonlinear elasticity, theory of plasticity.

Variational principles: formulation of nonlinear FE equations. Incremental approach. Methods of solution: incremental-iterative, Newton-Raphson, constraint equations: constant arc-length.

Formulation of dynamic problems; explicit and implicit time integration, stability of solution.

Formulation of contact-impact problem: interface equations, friction models.

Nonlinear FE analysis of ship structures: plates, stiffened plates. Equilibrium curves, ultimate capacity. Influence of initial deformations and stresses.

Nonlinear analysis of shells.

Learning outcomes of the course

On successful completion of this lecture, students should be able to:

(1) know formulations and methods of solution applied in finite element analysis,

(2) apply these methods to solution of nonlinear problems,

(3) explain advantages and disadvantages of various solutions.

Prerequisites :

Mechanics, Strength of Materials.


Title:    OFFSHORE MARICULTURE INSTALLATIONS                            Credits : 3

Ref :  EMSHIP+_M2-ZUT-e3                

Prof : J Sadowski, A Torz                                                 Teaching Period: Sep-Jan

Link :

Course contents

Introduction to hydrochemistry.

Introduction to mariculture: main species groups, production of mariculture in the World, main types of aquaculture systems. Recirculation mariculture systems.

Water quality and water treatment (adjustment of pH, removal of particles, disinfection). Heating and cooling systems; aeration and oxygenation, removal of nutrients, water transport.

Cage culture. Offshore mariculture installations, elements of installations: ponds, raceways, silos, tanks, drainage, water treatment systems, impact of mariculture installations on environment; integrated multi trophic aquaculture.

Learning outcomes of the course

On successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

(1) apply the knowledge to the different type of mariculture systems,

(2) explain basic process in water treatment and biogens removal from RAS.

Prerequisites :

mechanics, thermodynamics



Credits : 3

Ref:  EMSHIP+_S3-ZUT-e4
Dr. L Filina-Dawidowicz                                                    Teaching Period: Sep-Jan

Link :

Course contents

Technical and operational parameters of ships. Linear and irregular shipping. Types of transportation strategies. Cargo types in maritime transport. Safety problems in maritime cargo transport. Documents in maritime transport, standard trade terms Incoterms.

Seaports classification, port infrastructure and equipment. Characteristics of services provided in seaports (ship services, cargo services etc.). Phases of ship service in seaport area. Seaport operating parameters.

Learning outcomes of the course

On successful completion of this lecture, students should be able to:

(1) know basic phases of ship service at the seaport territory,

(2) apply knowledge to various cargo types transportation,

(3) apply knowledge to ship service at the seaport territory,

(4) explain advantages and disadvantages of  selected transportation strategies.


Ship Design